What we do | Scope of work

Program Monitoring Evaluation

Migunani works in collaboration in a consortium with Speak Indonesia to run a program of Nestle Healthy Kids, – a program to support healthy generation through nutrition and healthy life school in 15 cities in Indonesia with 200 schools as beneficiaries- where Migunani shared its expertise to design monitoring and evaluation framework within the program Migunani is responsible to design the baseline study, school assessment, program monitoring, and impact evaluation. The program has planned to adopt theory-based evaluation and process tracing to measure the outcome. The program monitoring applies progress Marker, Most Significant Changes, and outcome mapping to ensure the project achieve its objectives.

Community Development Project

Migunani’s basic platform, – in which we believe is effective in community development – is inclusive community participation and empowerment, including the strengthening of the women collective action in the governance of ADD (Alokasi Dana Desa-Village Fund Allocation). The inclusive participation is reflected on the village planning process which adopts community action plan and community participation in the village development process.

The strategies of community participation and empowerment is conducted through the strengthening of local cadre empowerment (local champion) as a facilitator and as a motor of interaction within communities and between communites and village government. Empowering local cadres can be a driving force for change in the village. To sustain the existence of local cadre – Given the experience of empowerment programs in various places in Indonesia where local facilitators are then not sustainable (inactive again after training)It mobilizes the local; – Migunani adopts the strategy of “live-in”, placing the two main facilitators (one of the local residents, one is external). They stayed and lived in the community to build and develop mutual understanding and provide assistance to the local cadre in responding to day to day challenges. To anticipate the “drop out” of local cadre , the mentoring method “live-in” is effective to determine the actual cause of the “drop-out” and community can immediately look for the replacement organically; to ensure the sustainability of the program.

At this moment, Migunani is implementing 2 years project of community development project in Guliling Village Mamuju, Sulawesi. The project focuses on the community empowerment (Cocoa Farmer) to improve community well being through sustainable governance upon the basic access fullfillment (health, education, livelihood, and empowerment). The project adopts four pillars of empowerment :
1. Access to Clean water and Healthy Environment
2. Children and Maternal Health
3. Strengthening Inclusive and gender sensitive Community Collective Action
4. Building Sustainable Program

Research and Policy in Development

The Research and Policy in Development program works at the interface between knowledge, policy and practice. We work with researchers, think tanks, civil society, country governments and donors to improve the integration of local knowledge and research-based evidence into policy. We believe that this will lead to greater government and development agency effectiveness and ultimately help to transform lives.

Research Training

Migunani, as a knowledge-focused organization, engages in development through the use of the organization’s key resource, its technical staff. The work is primarily about building human capital through and with people in participatory ways, for better knowledge-based development outcomes for families and communities.

The primary mission of Migunani is to promote the use of evidences in programs and policy development through building the skills, confidence and effectiveness of our local partners so that accessibility and quality of services they provide to communities can be improved.

Migunani places emphasis on capacity building as a means to an end; that being the building of resilient and healthier communities. In line with this underpinning philosophy, Migunani team will work in close partnership with the clients. This will be a partnership based on mutual need and respect for the skills and expertise that each partner will bring to the evaluation.

Migunani provides training on data collection to local enumerators and facilitators and also training of ODK and Nvivo to other institution such as Plan International and World Vision Indonesia.

List of our work in research and policy in development are as follows:

Social Economic Assessment
Migunani conducted social economics assessment in most of the study as a base of analysis of quantitative inquiries. The social economics assessment is always updated and adapted to the need of the program. Below is the samples of socio economics assessment:

Creative Community- PNPM-Kreatif, a program managed by Yayasan Kelola with support from PSF, The World Bank Jakarta. 2015
Type of Study: Impact evaluation study. Methodology: Perception Survey. Samples: 1500 respondents.
Generally, the objective of the program is to improve communities’ capacity, especially poor and marginalized communities, to participate actively in the process of PNPM by using local culture expression.

Economic Development Study

Economic Development Project through Cocoa Farmer empowerment. (LINK 2). Save the Children. 2014
Type of Study: Impact Evaluation. Methodology: Mixed-method, where quantitative and qualitative data were complementary collected and analyzed to meet the evaluation objectives. Data Collection Method: Quantitative: Household Survey with 1000 samples. Qualitative: 35 FGDs, 20 KII, and Observation.

** Link-2 program is a project of improving small-scale coffee producing household’s food security.

The link 2 study is a process evaluation study, analyzing midline and impact of the program. Migunani conducted mid-term study and impact evaluation as a part of process evaluation. The study evaluated the project accomplishments in quantitative terms and its impacts on the food security of the target population and Analyze results achieved and collect lessons learned that could be used to improve the planning of future programming.

The evaluation employs mixed method, where quantitative and qualitative data were complementary collected and analyzed to meet the evaluation objectives. These includes three surveys with a 1000 total samples, each randomly targeting caregivers of under-two years old children, posyandu cadres, and coffee farmer households; as well as purposively selected key informant interviews and group discussions.

Youth Economic Empowerment (YEE) Program in TTU and TTS, NTT. Plan International. 2013
Type of Study: Baseline Study. Methodology: Mixed-method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research. Samples: 1000 respondents, 106 KII, 25 FGD.

The survey aimed at providing baseline data for the project related to gender aspects in youth economic empowerment which was the main framework

Statistical Analysis used in this research was aggregate descriptive statistics data, for example, to illustrate the total number of population and average. Statistical data was the basis of this research; however, combination with qualitative study provided information that is more adequate. The analysis of qualitative was started by describing response and developing coding based on the designed category or framework. Data was compared using tabulation to get the patterns and finding inter-connectedness.

Child Protection

UNICEF’s Child Protection System Building Approach in Indonesia – in collaboration with IOD Parc Consulting Firm, UK.
Type of Study: Formative Research Study. Methodology: literature reviews, in-depth interviews (in person and by Skype) and facilitating group discussions in Jakarta, Central Java, South Sulawesi and Aceh provinces with over 130 respondents. Data Collection Method: KII and FGDs.

** This formative evaluation is the first assessment of UNICEF’s Systems Building Approach (SBA) in Southeast Asia, designed to analyse whether and in what ways UNICEF’s child protection programme has been informed by systems thinking. It also provides an independent review of UNICEF’s efforts to strengthen the child protection system in Indonesia.

The evaluation aimed to identify good practices and distil lessons learnt. The team visited the central province district and at least one other district in each of the sub-regions, meeting with over 130 respondents. The majority of respondents were government stakeholders at national, and sub-national levels (including provincial, district and sub-district), and formal service providers (e.g. prison service, panti [residential care home] and social service implementers). In addition, non-state respondents included NGOs collaborating with social and prison services, NGOs implementing community child protection pilots, a privately funded panti and male and female Child Forum members9 in one of the districts.

Various Area Development Program Baseline Study in Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and NTT. Wahana Visi Indonesia. 2012-2015.
Type of Study: Baseline Study. Methodology: mixed method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research.

The purpose of this study is to collect information about ADP programs at TTU, namely the Child Sponsorship Management Program (CSMP), Mother and Child Health Nutrition program (MCHN), Citizen Voice and Action Program (CVA), Economic and Agriculture Development Program (EAD), and Education Program to be used as input of compilation of policies and programs ADP TTU in the future.

Collecting data using a mixed method approach where data obtained through quantitative surveys are completed with qualitative data collected through individual interviews and focus group discussions for each program element.

Education

Our track record demonstrates an extensive experience in working in the study of inclusive education and school improvement based on School Based Management Principles. We have undertaken numerous qualitative and quantitative baseline, mid-term evaluation, and final evaluation examining the impacts and outcomes of education projects in Indonesia, such as:

Evaluation Study of School Operational Fund (BOS) Training in 33 Provinces in Indonesia Ausaid. 2012-2013.
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation. Methodology: Mix method, quantitative and qualitative. Using questionnaire to capture the training implementation score and In depth Interview with participants and government. Scope of work: 33 Provinces in Indonesia.

** The government of Australia supported the School Operational Fund (BOS) Training in 33 Provinces in Indonesia. The program is to monitor and measure the implementation of School Fund Training for educators in 34 Provinces in Indonesia.

Australia-Indonesia Basic Education Program. (AIBEP) Cardno-Ausaid. 2009-2010.
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation. Methodology: Mix method, quantitative and qualitative. Using questionnaire to capture the training implementation score and In depth Interview with participants and government.
The program is to monitor and measure the implementation of AIBEP Program in 160 districts in Indonesia


Longitudinal Study of School Improvement Project. Plan International. 2012-2014
Type of Study: Longitudinal study: Baseline, midline, and Performance Evaluation in row. Methodology: mixed method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research. ODK and spreadsheet was adopted to data collection coded.

There were 604 total respondents for the children survey, which collected data on children view towards their school. The respondents comprised 299 male and 305 female students.

Qualitative method was used to complement quantitative data by conducting focus groups with teachers and school committees, the observation of teaching and learning process within 45 minutes in one class, and interviews with key informants.

Plan Indonesia implemented a three years School Improvement Project in Grobogan Central Java province, funded by Nivea and Plan German. The overall objective of the three years project is to improve the quality of basic education by empowering and building the capacity of key government and non-state education actors, therefore guaranteeing an equal access to quality primary education to all children.

The survey was conducted in all 30 target schools to find changes after three years implementation and to collect the substantive reality of the school – the facts of enrolment, buildings, teachers, students, school management, learning methodologies, and community participation. School surveys were complemented by observations of school facilities, with the aim of assessing accessibility and availability of child‐friendly infrastructure and materials in the following areas: classrooms, sports area and playground, toilets, hand-washing Facilities and School health units (UKS).

Baseline Study of Education Setara Project, Belu, NTT. Save the Children, March 2015.

Baseline Study of Ceria (Strengthening Education through Awareness and Reading Achievement) Project, Malaka, NTT. Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.

Endline Study of Special 4 (Safe and Positive Education for Children in Indonesia with Active Learning) Program, Malaka, NTT. Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.

Evaluation Study of Inclusive Education in NTT and NTB. Handicap International. 2014.

Plan International. 2014. Final Evaluation of Inclusive Education Rembang.

Baseline Study of Sponsorship Program Sumba, consisted of school readiness, parenting practices and basic education, NTT Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.

Series of baseline and impact evaluation studies in the area of basic education improvement.
Type of Study: Baseline, midline, and Performance Evaluation. Methodology: mixed method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research. Data collection method: Survey, In depth Interview, Observation, and FGD. ODK and spreadsheet was adopted to data collection coding. Scope of work: 20-30 schools.

Gender

Gender, Disability, and Poor Inclusion in WASH Nusa Tenggara Timur-Indonesia. 2014.
Type of Study: Formative Research Study. Methodology: mixed method in which Desk Review, quantitative and qualitative data were complementary collected and analyzed to meet the baseline objectives. Data Collection Method: Quantitative (Household Survey with 239 samples in 5 district) and Qualitative (20 FGDs, 15 KII, and Observation).

** Gender wash is a baseline study to focus on specific issues in relation to gender, disability and poverty that prevent people in communities to have full access to safe sanitation and hygiene facilities.

The formative study aims at gathering general information regarding gender, disability and poor inclusion that will shape the strategy and approach to mainstream these issues in the program.

The quantitative and qualitative data collected for the study fed the analysis of the barriers to equitable and inclusive access to WASH services and the identification of enabling factors at the community, organizational and governmental levels that could help to overcome those barriers. The data collected was also used to shape concrete strategy and approaches for mainstreaming gender, disability and poor inclusion in WASH programming.

Social Network Analysis of Yayasan Kesehatan Perempuan (YKP) – MAMPU’s partner organization. 2015.
Type of Study: SNA study. Methodology: Qualitative : FGD, In depth Interview.

Analysis of MAMPU’s partner organisations’ reports. 2014.
Type of Study: SNA study. Methodology: Qualitative: FGD, In depth Interview.

Disaster Risk Reduction

Integrated Community Based Risk Reduction (ICBRR-PfR). Netherland Red Cross. 2015
Type of Study: Designing Survey. Methodology: Desk Review, mixed method of quatitative and qualitative method.

This project aims to increase community resilience through the PMI facilities in Sikka and Lembata.
The evaluation was conducted through a range of desk-based and participatory methods, household surveys and interviews. Considerable inputs have been received from various partners and staffs, underpinning the following focus areas of this evaluation:
1. Project achievement and approach/model analysis.
2. Project efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability.
3. On linking and lessons learned and success stories from the project.

Evaluation of Capacity Development Program, Capacity Assessment Support Program of BNPB and BPBD (in partnership with Universalia Canada) 2014 Australia Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction (AIFDR)
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation. Methodology: method, quantitative and qualitative.

Development of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Survey of Safe School Project. Plan International EAPRO. 2014.
Type of Study: Designing Survey. Methodology: Desk Review.

Endline Study of SBDRR (School Based Disaster Reduction) Program in Magelang. Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation. Methodology: method, quantitative and qualitative.

Contested Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Models in Indonesia Comparative Study of DRM Program in NTB, Central Sulawesi, Yogyakarta and Central Java. Oxfam GB. May-June 2013.
Type of Study: Comparative Study. Methodology: Qualitative: FGD, In depth Interview.

Towards A Better Inclusion of Children, Women and Person with Disability (PWD) in Disaster Risk Reduction Lessons Learnt from the Implementation of Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction Project in Nusa Tenggara Timur Province, Indonesia. Handicap International. October-December 2013.
Type of Study: Capitalization. Methodology: Qualitative, applying case study.

Merapi Community Resilience State of DRR at the Local Level. UNISDR-BNPB. December 2013.
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation. Methodology: method, quantitative and qualitative.

Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition

Migunani has a long and proven track record working in Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition (MCHN) with various international development organisations. Migunani was appointed to work with highly committed and reputable MCHN advocates such as World Vision and Save the Children. With them, our team have conducted MCHN project evaluation in regions of TTU, Sikka, Alor, Kupang, Jakarta, Aceh, Kalimantan, Sumba, and many more. We have worked with Save the Children at Bener Meriah for a total of 4 evaluation projects.

Child Health Now (CHN) Campaign Program. World Vision Indonesia. 2015
Type of Study: Formative and Summative Evaluation, Process Evaluation Approach. Methodology: Qualitative, Process Tracing, Theory Based Evaluation. Data Collection: Desk Review, In depth Interview, FGD. Tools of Analysis: Excel Spreadsheet to encode, Nvivo.

** CHN program in Indonesia is part of World Vision’s global campaign aimed at helping the achievement of MDG 4 and 5. The trends in maternal and child mortality in Indonesia which was observed between the periods 1997 to 2012 showed the need for intervention to help the government to provide adequate budget allocation for maternal health child (MCH)

This evaluation uses two types of approaches:
1. The Process Evaluation Approach to identify the CHN interventions achievements based on the logframe and to identify other important achievements by CHN (purposes number 1).
2. The Theory-based Evaluation Approach to see the contribution and effectiveness of the theory, and other lessons learned (purposes no 2). The theory-based Evaluation will employ process tracing technique.

Besides the two approaches, the evaluation also uses literature study in regards to the advocacy theories to refine the analysis. In the data collection practice, both process evaluation and process tracing are performed concurrently and simultaneously.

The evaluation target area are the four ADPs that conduct the Citizen Voice Action (CVA) programs, which are the TTU ADP, Sikka, Urban Pontianak, and Cilincing, along with the national and regional offices. The Resource Study includes the actors, stakeholders and interventions partners’ program.

The study implementation is divided into two phases, namely formative and summative studies, each of which is executed in the time sequence

Other recent notable works
  • Learning exercise and assistance to the Asia Foundation Jakarta partners (16 partners) in using theory of change approach in developing project activities and theory-based evaluation. 2015-present
  • Process Tracing Study of Southeast Asia Technology and Transparency Initiative (SEATTI), including field works with Hivos’ partners in the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Myanmar– using process tracing approach to assess how far Hivos is implementing doing development differently. 2015
  • Evaluation of Unicef Indonesia System-based Approach in Child Protection, in collaboration with IOD PARC UK. 2014
  • Impact evaluation studies of Dutch funded CSOs program in Indonesia. 2012 and 2014. In collaboration with Amsterdam University and Wageningen University, using NVivo for the qualitative works.