Migunani is a not for profit organization based in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Our passion is in knowledge works, a knowledge crafter with a mission to improve our knowledge about Indonesia and to develop the nation’s intellectual life. We focus on research and empowerment, especially on turning knowledge into practice and knowledge to policy initiatives.

We have been a reliable knowledge partner of some development initiatives managed by international organizations such as UNICEF, Save the Children, Plan International, World Bank, Australian Embassy (DFAT) and local government. For quality assurance of its works, Migunani maintains a network with international organizations such as Erasmus University Netherlands, IOD PARC UK, and IDRC Canada.

Migunani believes in a principle that good policy and practice should be informed by different types of evidence, not only scientific evidence; a multiple currency of knowledge environment instead of a single currency regime. This principle guides our approach in conducting research and empowerment. Migunani applies the “live in” approach in our works as a mechanism to give the voices for different types of knowledge. This approach is based on our experience that many research and empowerment works in Indonesia failed because they presented “inauthentic attitudes to place”, meaning that the understanding about culture or local wisdom, local identity and local values was absence during the implementation of community development project.

The abliltyThematic AreaSpecific ExpertiseList of our projects
In the last five years, Migunani has managed over 20 analysis studies and research using mixed methods, ranging from policy analysis, literature review, ethnographic study and small scale household surveys (up to 1,500 households). The latest research was completed in January 2016 on the political journey of Indonesian Universal Health Coverage Program (BPJS), conducted in collaboration with Erasmus University Netherlands and the research is being peer reviewed for publication in Oxford Journals Health and Policy Planning.

Ability to source highly skilled talent and advisers with strong financial credentials
The Team Leader, Senior Research Specialist and Migunani have all worked together and each of us has unique contributions including the social network brought in the team. Migunani has experience in using NVivo for qualitative study as well as statistical software such as SPSS and Stata. The qualitative researcher to be assigned for this research in majority are sourced from our “knowledge community” network.

Understands and has experience working with NGOs in Indonesia 

Migunani itself is a part of Indonesian Society for Social Transformation network and we have also grassroots level activities as a venue for us to turn our knowledge into practice. In addition to that, most of our research works were developed and done with and for NGOs in Indonesia, for example 16 local NGOs partners of the Asia Foundation Jakarta, 10 Hivos partners, Plan International’s partner NGOs.

Robust financial and legal processes in place to administer contracts effectively 

Although Migunani is a not for profit organisation, due to its legal form as “Comanditaire Vennootshcap-CV”, Migunani is governed by private sector financial and administration standards and we use separated booking and we had experience receiving direct funds from DFAT in 2011-2012 for evaluation of BOS Training Program (contract value AUD 300,000).

Migunani has worked in collaboration with numerous local and international researchers and research institution who conduct scientific research in Indonesia, such as IOD PARC-UK in conducting study of child protection system building approach in 4 regions in Indonesia and Universalia-Canada in conducting study of Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia. Our clients are those who had initiatives and willingness to document knowledge as a base of analysis and as lesson learned of projects, including MAMPU USAID, Save the Children, Plan International, World Vision Indonesia, UNICEF, World Bank, DFAT (previously Ausaid), Care Indonesia, Oxfam, Handicap International Federation, Mercy Corps Indonesia, and The Asian Foundation.

  • Social Study
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Education
  • Gender
  • Community Development
  • Health
  • Youth
  • Children
  • WASH
  • Economic
  • Livelihood
  • Social Protection
Baseline Study, Evaluation, Capitalization, Lesson Learned, Research Methodology Design (Theory of Change, Most Significance Change, Outcome Mapping, and Process Tracing)

Social Economic Assessment
Migunani conducted social economics assessment in most of the study as a base of analysis of quantitative inquiries. The social economics assessment is always updated and adapted to the need of the program. Below is the samples of socio economics assessment:

Creative Community- PNPM-Kreatif, a program managed by Yayasan Kelola with support from PSF, The World Bank Jakarta. 2015
Generally, the objective of the program is to improve communities’ capacity, especially poor and marginalized communities, to participate actively in the process of PNPM by using local culture expression.
Type of Study: Impact evaluation study
Methodology: Perception Survey
Samples : 1500 respondents

Economic Development Study
Economic Development Project through Cocoa Farmer empowerment. (LINK 2). Save the Children. 2014
** Link-2 program is a project of improving small-scale coffee producing household’s food security.

Type of Study: Impact Evaluation
Methodology: mixed method, where quantitative and qualitative data were complementary collected and analyzed to meet the evaluation objectives.
Data Collection Method: Quantitative: Household Survey with 1000 samples. Qualitative: 35 FGDs, 20 KII, and Observation.

The link 2 study is a process evaluation study, analyzing midline and impact of the program. Migunani conducted mid-term study and impact evaluation as a part of process evaluation. The study evaluated the project accomplishments in quantitative terms and its impacts on the food security of the target population and Analyze results achieved and collect lessons learned that could be used to improve the planning of future programming.

The evaluation employs mixed method, where quantitative and qualitative data were complementary collected and analyzed to meet the evaluation objectives. These includes three surveys with a 1000 total samples, each randomly targeting caregivers of under-two years old children, posyandu cadres, and coffee farmer households; as well as purposively selected key informant interviews and group discussions.

Youth Economic Empowerment (YEE) Program in TTU and TTS, NTT. Plan International. 2013
Type of Study: Baseline Study
Methodology : mixed method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research
Samples : 1000 respondents, 106 KII, 25 FGD

The survey aimed at providing baseline data for the project related to gender aspects in youth economic empowerment which was the main framework

Statistical Analysis used in this research was aggregate descriptive statistics data, for example, to illustrate the total number of population and average. Statistical data was the basis of this research; however, combination with qualitative study provided information that is more adequate. The analysis of qualitative was started by describing response and developing coding based on the designed category or framework. Data was compared using tabulation to get the patterns and finding inter-connectedness.

Child Protection

UNICEF’s Child Protection System Building Approach in Indonesia – in collaboration with IOD Parc Consulting Firm, UK.
** This formative evaluation is the first assessment of UNICEF’s Systems Building Approach (SBA) in Southeast Asia, designed to analyse whether and in what ways UNICEF’s child protection programme has been informed by systems thinking. It also provides an independent review of UNICEF’s efforts to strengthen the child protection system in Indonesia.
Type of Study: Formative Research Study
Methodology: literature reviews, in-depth interviews (in person and by Skype) and facilitating group discussions in Jakarta, Central Java, South Sulawesi and Aceh provinces with over 130 respondents
Data Collection Method: KII and FGDs

The evaluation aimed to identify good practices and distil lessons learnt.
The team visited the central province district and at least one other district in each of the sub-regions, meeting with over 130 respondents.
The majority of respondents were government stakeholders at national, and sub-national levels (including provincial, district and sub-district), and formal service providers (e.g. prison service, panti [residential care home] and social service implementers). In addition, non-state respondents
included NGOs collaborating with social and prison services, NGOs implementing community child protection pilots, a privately funded panti and male and female Child Forum members9 in one of the districts.

Various Area Development Program Baseline Study in Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and NTT. Wahana Visi Indonesia. 2012-2015.
Type of Study: Baseline Study
Methodology: mixed method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research

The purpose of this study is to collect information about ADP programs at TTU, namely the Child Sponsorship Management Program (CSMP), Mother and Child Health Nutrition program (MCHN), Citizen Voice and Action Program (CVA), Economic and Agriculture Development Program (EAD), and Education Program to be used as input of compilation of policies and programs ADP TTU in the future.

Collecting data using a mixed method approach where data obtained through quantitative surveys are completed with qualitative data collected through individual interviews and focus group discussions for each program element.

Education

Our track record demonstrates an extensive experience in working in the study of inclusive education and school improvement based on School Based Management Principles. We have undertaken numerous qualitative and quantitative baseline, mid-term evaluation, and final evaluation examining the impacts and outcomes of education projects in Indonesia, such as:

Evaluation Study of School Operational Fund (BOS) Training in 33 Provinces in Indonesia Ausaid. 2012-2013.
** The government of Australia supported the School Operational Fund (BOS) Training in 33 Provinces in Indonesia.
The program is to monitor and measure the implementation of School Fund Training for educators in 34 Provinces in Indonesia.
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation
Methodology: Mix method, quantitative and qualitative. Using questionnaire to capture the training implementation score and In depth Interview with participants and government
Scope of work: 33 Provinces in Indonesia

Australia-Indonesia Basic Education Program. (AIBEP) Cardno-Ausaid. 2009-2010.
The program is to monitor and measure the implementation of AIBEP Program in 160 districts in Indonesia
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation
Methodology: Mix method, quantitative and qualitative. Using questionnaire to capture the training implementation score and In depth Interview with participants and government


Longitudinal Study of School Improvement Project. Plan International. 2012-2014
Type of Study: Longitudinal study: Baseline, midline, and Performance Evaluation in row
Methodology:
mixed method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research. ODK and spreadsheet was adopted to data collection coded

There were 604 total respondents for the children survey, which collected data on children view towards their school. The respondents comprised 299 male and 305 female students.
Qualitative method was used to complement quantitative data by conducting focus groups with teachers and school committees, the observation of teaching and learning process within 45 minutes in one class, and interviews with key informants.
Plan Indonesia implemented a three years School Improvement Project in Grobogan Central Java province, funded by Nivea and Plan German. The overall objective of the three years project is to improve the quality of basic education by empowering and building the capacity of key government and non-state education actors, therefore guaranteeing an equal access to quality primary education to all children.
The survey was conducted in all 30 target schools to find changes after three years implementation and to collect the substantive reality of the school – the facts of enrolment, buildings, teachers, students, school management, learning methodologies, and community participation. School surveys were complemented by observations of school facilities, with the aim of assessing accessibility and availability of child‐friendly infrastructure and materials in the following areas: classrooms, sports area and playground, toilets, hand-washing Facilities and School health units (UKS).

Baseline Study of Education Setara Project, Belu, NTT. Save the Children, March 2015.

Baseline Study of Ceria (Strengthening Education through Awareness and Reading Achievement) Project, Malaka, NTT. Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.

Endline Study of Special 4 (Safe and Positive Education for Children in Indonesia with Active Learning) Program, Malaka, NTT. Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.

Evaluation Study of Inclusive Education in NTT and NTB. Handicap International. 2014.

Plan International. 2014. Final Evaluation of Inclusive Education Rembang.

Baseline Study of Sponsorship Program Sumba, consisted of school readiness, parenting practices and basic education, NTT Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.

Series of baseline and impact evaluation studies in the area of basic education improvement.
Type of Study: Baseline, midline, and Performance Evaluation
Methodology: mixed method. Quantitative and Qualitative method, adopted Participatory Research.
Data collection method: Survey, In depth Interview, Observation, and FGD. ODK and spreadsheet was adopted to data collection coding
Scope of work: 20-30 schools

Gender

Gender, Disability, and Poor Inclusion in WASH Nusa Tenggara Timur-Indonesia. 2014.
** Gender wash is a baseline study to focus on specific issues in relation to gender, disability and poverty that prevent people in communities to have full access to safe sanitation and hygiene facilities.
Type of Study: Formative Research Study
Methodology:
mixed method in which Desk Review, quantitative and qualitative data were complementary collected and analyzed to meet the baseline objectives
Data Collection Method: Quantitative (Household Survey with 239 samples in 5 district) and Qualitative (20 FGDs, 15 KII, and Observation)

The formative study aims at gathering general information regarding gender, disability and poor inclusion that will shape the strategy and approach to mainstream these issues in the program.

The quantitative and qualitative data collected for the study fed the analysis of the barriers to equitable and inclusive access to WASH services and the identification of enabling factors at the community, organizational and governmental levels that could help to overcome those barriers. The data collected was also used to shape concrete strategy and approaches for mainstreaming gender, disability and poor inclusion in WASH programming.

Social Network Analysis of Yayasan Kesehatan Perempuan (YKP) – MAMPU’s partner organization. 2015.
Type of Study: SNA study
Methodology: Qualitative : FGD, In depth Interview

Analysis of MAMPU’s partner organisations’ reports. 2014.
Type of Study: SNA study
Methodology: Qualitative : FGD, In depth Interview

Disaster Risk Reduction

Integrated Community Based Risk Reduction (ICBRR-PfR). Netherland Red Cross. 2015
Type of Study: Designing Survey
Methodology: Desk Review, mixed method of quatitative and qualitative method
This project aims to increase community resilience through the PMI facilities in Sikka and Lembata.
The evaluation was conducted through a range of desk-based and participatory methods, household surveys and interviews. Considerable inputs have been received from various partners and staffs, underpinning the following focus areas of this evaluation:
1. Project achievement and approach/model analysis.
2. Project efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability.
3. On linking and lessons learned and success stories from the project.

Evaluation of Capacity Development Program, Capacity Assessment Support Program of BNPB and BPBD (in partnership with Universalia Canada) 2014 Australia Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction (AIFDR)
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation
Methodology: method, quantitative and qualitative

Development of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Survey of Safe School Project. Plan International EAPRO. 2014.
Type of Study: Designing Survey
Methodology: Desk Review

Endline Study of SBDRR (School Based Disaster Reduction) Program in Magelang. Save the Children Indonesia. 2014.
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation
Methodology: method, quantitative and qualitative

Contested Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Models in Indonesia Comparative Study of DRM Program in NTB, Central Sulawesi, Yogyakarta and Central Java. Oxfam GB. May-June 2013.
Type of Study: Comparative Study
Methodology: Qualitative: FGD, In depth Interview

Towards A Better Inclusion of Children, Women and Person with Disability (PWD) in Disaster Risk Reduction Lessons Learnt from the Implementation of Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction Project in Nusa Tenggara Timur Province, Indonesia. Handicap International. October-December 2013.
Type of Study: Capitalization
Methodology: Qualitative, applying case study

Merapi Community Resilience State of DRR at the Local Level. UNISDR-BNPB. December 2013.
Type of Study: Performance Evaluation
Methodology: method, quantitative and qualitative

Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition

Migunani has a long and proven track record working in Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition (MCHN) with various international development organisations. Migunani was appointed to work with highly committed and reputable MCHN advocates such as World Vision and Save the Children. With them, our team have conducted MCHN project evaluation in regions of TTU, Sikka, Alor, Kupang, Jakarta, Aceh, Kalimantan, Sumba, and many more. We have worked with Save the Children at Bener Meriah for a total of 4 evaluation projects.

Child Health Now (CHN) Campaign Program. World Vision Indonesia. 2015
** CHN program in Indonesia is part of World Vision’s global campaign aimed at helping the achievement of MDG 4 and 5. The trends in maternal and child mortality in Indonesia which was observed between the periods 1997 to 2012 showed the need for intervention to help the government to provide adequate budget allocation for maternal health child (MCH)

Type of Study: Formative and Summative Evaluation, Process Evaluation Approach
Methodology: Qualitative, Process Tracing, Theory Based Evaluation
Data Collection: Desk Review, In depth Interview, FGD
Tools of Analysis: Excel Spreadsheet to encode, Nvivo

This evaluation uses two types of approaches:
1. The Process Evaluation Approach to identify the CHN interventions achievements based on the logframe and to identify other important achievements by CHN (purposes number 1).
2. The Theory-based Evaluation Approach to see the contribution and effectiveness of the theory, and other lessons learned (purposes no 2). The theory-based Evaluation will employ process tracing technique.
Besides the two approaches, the evaluation also uses literature study in regards to the advocacy theories to refine the analysis. In the data collection practice, both process evaluation and process tracing are performed concurrently and simultaneously.

The evaluation target area are the four ADPs that conduct the Citizen Voice Action (CVA) programs, which are the TTU ADP, Sikka, Urban Pontianak, and Cilincing, along with the national and regional offices. The Resource Study includes the actors, stakeholders and interventions partners’ program.

The study implementation is divided into two phases, namely formative and summative studies, each of which is executed in the time sequence

Other recent notable works
  • Learning exercise and assistance to the Asia Foundation Jakarta partners (16 partners) in using theory of change approach in developing project activities and theory-based evaluation. 2015-present
  • Process Tracing Study of Southeast Asia Technology and Transparency Initiative (SEATTI), including field works with Hivos’ partners in the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Myanmar– using process tracing approach to assess how far Hivos is implementing doing development differently. 2015
  • Evaluation of Unicef Indonesia System-based Approach in Child Protection, in collaboration with IOD PARC UK. 2014
  • Impact evaluation studies of Dutch funded CSOs program in Indonesia. 2012 and 2014. In collaboration with Amsterdam University and Wageningen University, using NVivo for the qualitative works.